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返回玉器 宋 钧窑玫瑰紫釉葵式三足洗

宋(960——1279)
高6.5厘米  口径22.2厘米  底径13.5厘米
  钧窑是宋代五大名窑之一,窑址在河南省禹县,创烧于宋代,明、清、民国各时期均有仿钧窑的品种出现。钧瓷的独特之处在于它的釉中含少量的铜,并创造性地烧出红色釉,由于釉中加入铜金属,经高温产生窑变,使釉色以青、蓝、白为主,兼有玫瑰紫、海棠红等,色彩斑斓,变化万千,是青瓷品种的创新与突破。而且这种窑变釉最大的特点是:“入窑一色,出窑万彩。”可以说钧窑烧成后没有完全一样的,这正是它的迷人之处。正如:“高山云雾霞一朵,烟光空中星满天。峡峪飞瀑兔丝缕,夕阳紫翠忽成岚。”因而被誉为“国之瑰宝”,在宋代就享有“黄金有价钧无价”、“纵有家财万贯不如钧瓷一片”的盛誉。
  这件宋钧窑玫瑰紫釉葵式三足洗,高6.5厘米、口径22.2厘米、底径13.5厘米。葵花瓣口,折沿,浅腹,腹呈六瓣葵花式,三个如意云头形底足。造型端庄、雅致。胎呈灰褐色,器里施天青色釉,釉面上含有“蚯蚓走泥纹”。器外壁为玫瑰紫色乳浊釉,釉汁肥厚,色彩绚丽。外底抹有酱色护胎釉,并刻有“六”字铭款。钧窑中的宫廷用瓷,一般都刻有一到十的数目字,这种数目字是表示器物大小的标志。一号器物最大,十号器物最小。“六”是中等偏小的器物,靠足边处有16个小支钉痕。此种三足洗实际功用是花盆的盆托(盆奁),上面应有对应号码和样式的花盆配合使用。此洗不仅釉色优美,造型也浑厚端庄不失优雅,是北宋钧官窑中的精品,是宋徽宗的最爱。
  钧窑成功地烧出铜红釉,其意义深远,不仅是钧瓷工艺的一大创举,而且开辟了陶瓷美学的新境界,为元、明、清时期出现的釉里红、鲜红、郎窑红、豇豆红、霁红等名品奠定了基础。
Rosy purple glazed three-footed mallow flower-shaped washbasin, Jun ware
Song dynasty(960-1279)
Height 6.5cm, Diameter of rim 22.2cm, Diameter of base 13.5cm

This dish has a greyish glaze with a blue-green-grey underglaze. The surface of the glaze shows a fluid linear effect, which the ancient Chinese described as “earthworms moving in mud”. The outer wall is coated with a thick and splendidly colourful mottled rosy purple glaze. An ochre glaze has been applied to the clay of the base, which is carved with Chinese character for number 6. Jun ware porcelains made for use in the palace were carved with a number from 1 to 10. The number was part of an index of size, where 1 was the largest and 10 was the smallest. There are 16 prong marks around the foot. This washbasin has a stunning glaze and is solidly and firmly modelled without losing its elegance. It is a masterpiece of Northern Song palace Jun ware.
 

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