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返回玉器 金 和拙海栾谋克之印铜印

金大定十八年(1178)
边长6.1厘米 通高6厘米
    正方形铜官印。印面为宽边朱文九叠篆书“和拙海栾谋克之印”,背铸矩形直钮,钮顶铸一“上”字以决正倒。钮右、背凿“大定十八年八月”,钮左凿“礼部造”。上侧面凿“和拙海栾谋克”,皆汉文楷书阴刻款。印左侧面凿女真文款一行。
    此印是金代兵民合一的政权机构——谋克的印鉴。谋克平时耕作,战时出征。“和拙”即“合扎”,是金语“亲军”的意思;“海栾”是驻地,即今图们江支流海兰河。带有女真文边款的金代印章极少,此印史料价值很高,对研究我国金代兵制、政治组织等各方面都是不可多得的历史证物。
Seal of Hezhuo Hailuan of the Mouke
Jin dynasty, 18th year of the Dading period(1178)
Bronze seal
Height overall 6cm, Length 6.1cm, Width 6.1cm

This square official seal is made of bronze. The face of the seal features intaglio clerical script Chinese characters, which read “Seal of Hezhuo Hailuan of the Mouke“. The back of the seal is cast with a rectangular straight knob. The character shang is cast on top of the knob. The date:“ 8th month of the 18th year of Dading”is carved on the right and rear sections of the knob. “Cast by the Bureau of Rites” is carved on the left side of the knob. The left side of the seal face is carved with a column of Jurchen script.

This was the seal of the Mouke: the Mouke was both a Jin dynasty institution in which individuals were simultaneously civilians and soldiers, and the title of the official in charge of the institution. This seal is of great historical value, as there are very few Jin dynasty seals that feature inscriptions in Jurchen. It is an irreplaceable piece of historical evidence for research into the military systems and political grouping of China’s Jin dynasty.

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